Crop load determines fruit yield and size and a too high fruit number can result in small fruit. The use of careful thinning and growth regulators can reduce the number of fruit to an optimum amount per tree.
Potassium is the key driver of fruit size and alongside nitrogen is required in large quantities throughout fruit development and growth. However, too much nitrogen at a late growth stage can restrict fruit size; therefore a balanced nutrient application is crucial. Phosphorus can restrict fruit growth too.
Iron and zinc supply also positively influence fruit size, increasing crop yields.
Potassium and fruit size
Trials confirm that the improved yield from potassium is due, in part, to reduced fruit set but mainly as a result of an increased fruit size.
Micronutrients and fruit size
Trials have shown that micronutrients like iron, manganese and zinc will affect the final fruit size. Lack of zinc, for example, results in smaller, misshapen fruit.